Élisabeth Roudinescois a French academic historian and psychoanalyst, Director of Research in History at University of Paris VII - Denis Diderot. She graduated in Literature and Linguistics at the Sorbonne; her master degree was supervised by Tzvetan Todorov and her doctoral thesis, entitled Inscription du désir et roman du sujet, by Jean Levaillant at the Université Paris VIII-Vincennes in 1975.
At this time, she was also the student of Michel de Certeau, Gilles Deleuze and Michel Foucault. Then, she defended her habilitation à diriger des recherches (H.D.R – needed to supervise doctoral dissertations) in 1991 with Michelle Perrot as supervisor. Members of the Jury: Alain Corbin, Dominique Lecourt, Jean-Claude Passeron, Robert Castel, Serge Leclaire. This work is published under the title: Généalogies (Fayard, 1994)
From 1969 to 1981, she was a member of the École Freudienne de Paris founded by Psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan, where she received her psychoanalytical training. Meanwhile, she was also a member of the Revue Poétique’s editorial board (1969–1979). She was also Director of studies at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (E.P.H.E.), University of Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne from 2001 to 2009. Among many other activities, she is also President the Société Internationale d'Histoire de la Psychiatrie et de la Psychanalyse - S.I.H.P.P. (International Society of History of Psychiatry and Psychoanalysis) and member of editorial advisory board of scientific journals "History of psychiatry" (Sage Publications) since 2003 and "Cliniques Méditerranéennes" (Eres Edition) since 2000. She also contributes to French national newspapers: Libération (1986–1996), then Le Monde since 1996.
Élisabeth Roudinesco‘s work has been translated into thirty languages. Her publications translated in English include Jacques Lacan & Co.: a history of psychoanalysis in France, 1925-1985, 1990, Chicago,Chicago University Press; Madness and Revolution: The Lives and Legends of Theroigne De Mericourt, 1993, Verso; Jacques Lacan, 1999, New York, Columbia University Press; Why Psychoanalysis? 2003, New York, Columbia University Press; The Mirror stage: an obliterated archive in The Cambridge Companion to Lacan, Jean-Michel Rabaté dir., 2003, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press; For What Tomorrow... : A Dialogue with Jacques Derrida, 2004, Palo Alto, Stanford University Press; "Psychoanalysis" in The Columbia History of Twentieth-Century French Thought, Lawrence D. Kriztman dir., 2006, New York, Columbia University Press;Philosophy in Turbulent Times: Canguilhem, Sartre, Foucault, Althusser, Deleuze, Derrida, 2008, New York, Columbia University Press; « Lacan, The Plague »,Psychoanalysis and History, ed. John Forrester, Teddington, Artesian Books, 2008; "Humanity and its gods: atheism", Psychoanalysis and History, ed. Julia Borossa and Ivan Ward, Volume 11, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press; “The Enlightenment and its perversion in the West”, Psychoanalysis and History, dir.John Forrester, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2009 ; Our Dark Side, a History of Perversion, 2009, Cambridge, Polity Press.